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Bed Bugs 101

Whether you're traveling or at home, bed bugs can ruin your night's sleep, force you to throw out a mattress and leave swollen bites all over your body. But a little information can go a long way in helping you to identify, avoid and get rid of these pests. Read through our Bed Bed 101, and if you want to know a little more, dig into the links at the bottom of this page.

What do Bed Bugs Look Like?

Bed bugs are small brownish insects that feed on the blood of humans and animals. They are generally ovular in shape with males growing to the size of an apple seed at full size. Bed bugs do not fly but can move quickly across floors, furniture, ceilings, and walls.


Where do Bed Bugs Hide?

They are often found in bedding, thick carpets, between mattresses and dark corners. They favor tight, dark spaces where they can stay safe during the day. Bed bugs can multiply rapidly. Each generation can reach full maturity in as soon as a year, and produce as many as three generations annually. Female bed bugs can lay hundreds of eggs throughout her life.


Bed Bug Symptoms

If bed bugs remain unnoticed, the first sign of infestation is usually a bite. Bed bugs typically feed at night, when they crawl out from cover and feed on an exposed skin. Bed bug bites typically pierce the skin and as bed bugs draw blood through their beak. Then, feed for an average of 10 minutes before crawling back to cover. The bed bug bite is not typically noticeable at first (it usually occurs during sleep) but it can become inflamed, red and itchy. It is common to mistake bed bug bites for mosquito bites at the outset of infestation, so if in doubt, always check your bedding and mattress.


Bed Bug Symptoms Include:

  • The unexplained appearance of mosquito-like bed bug bites
  • Blood stains on sheets and pillow cases
  • Bed bugs on mattress
  • Bed bug excrement (dark, rusty spots) on sheets and mattresses, bedding, and walls
  • Bed bug eggs and discarded skin are found in areas bed bugs typically hide
  • An offensive, musty odor from the bugs' scent glands is present in bed
  • Dead bed bug carcasses found in sheets, and in the bed


What happens during a bed bug infestation?

During an infestation, bed bugs will amass in dark areas near to their food source. They are often found in unprotected mattresses and bedding, pet beds and other areas where human and animal blood is near at hand. If left unchecked, bed bug populations will increase many folds, spreading throughout multiple rooms, furnishings, and apartments.


What causes bed bugs?

Bed bugs can be found in homes and hotels throughout the world. Their quick movement and desire to seek dark corners mean they often enter the home through luggage, backpacks, clothes, used furniture, or bedding. As they live in groups and do not construct nests, they can migrate easily. Their ability to hide and multiply quickly often result in rapid infestations, especially in homes with unprotected mattresses and pillows.


Where do be bugs live in bedrooms and beds?

Bed bugs are typically found in unprotected mattresses and box springs. Their thinnest (about the width of a credit card) gives them the ability to easily squeeze into tight areas. They are commonly found between mattresses, box springs and headboards, in unprotected mattresses and box springs, bedding and in the corners of bed frames during the day. At night you’ll often find bed bugs on mattress, pillows, and bedding.


How can bed bugs be prevented?

Bed bug infestations can be prevented by exercising caution when traveling, whether checking into a hotel or staying at a friend’s home, inspect rooms prior to unpacking, and keep your luggage zipped. At home, incorporate routine checks into your cleaning schedule. When changing sheets, check under beds and between both mattresses and box springs, and the headboard, and consider purchasing bed bug detecting traps. These will quickly provide evidence of a bed bug infestation. If you notice any signs of infestation, be sure to act quickly and secure a bed bug treatment including bed bug heat treatment, a bed bug heater, exterminator and more.


The most effective way of preventing bed bugs in bed is to not give them any place to set up shop. Utilizing a proven mattress covers for bed bugs
 and bed bug proof encasements will stop bed bugs from entering and exiting a mattress and box spring, and can also help prevent stains and other allergens.


Bed Bugs 101 App

Learn about bed bugs with this free app for iPhone and Android. Bed Bugs 101 is your one-stop guide for locating and identifying bed bugs on the go! Bed Bugs 101 mobile will help you stay protected wherever you go. Learn everything you need to know about bed bugs and how to recognize them, including details on their appearance and the symptoms they cause. Learn where to look for bed bugs, and get helpful tips for traveling and bed bug prevention. You can even report an infestation or browse for Protect-A-Bed® bed bug protection productions.

Bed Bugs 101 App for iPhoneBed Bugs 101 App for Android



Bed Bug Treatment


Bed Bug-Proof Bedding

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